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A tympanic membrane perforation is also known as a ruptured eardrum. This is a hole or tear in the thin tissue that separates the ear canal from the middle ear.

A torn eardrum can result in hearing loss and increases the risk for ear infections and middle ear injuries.


  • Ear pain that may go away quickly
  • Hearing loss
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ear)
  • Vertigo (dizziness, spinning sensation)
  • Nausea or vomiting from vertigo
  • Clear, pus-filled, or bloody drainage from the ear


A ruptured eardrum usually heals itself within a few weeks. However, sometimes it may need surgical repair.

Eardrum perforation is repaired with a procedure called myringoplasty.

Damaged ossicles (hearing bones) are fixed with a procedure called tympanoplasty.

If the mastoid bone has been damaged or is hard to reach, you may need a mastoidectomy or canalplasty.

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